|Method||Colour Symbol Image|
|Making thinking (Richhart, Church & Morrison)[i] visible is an method that seeks to elaborate different thinking processes in education in order to reach a deeper understanding by making students´ thinking visible in the classroom in different ways. At the heart of the approach is making thinking processes visible. In “Colour, Symbol, Image” (CSI) student thinking is explored, elaborated and made visible by metaphorical thinking and visual aspects, which also activate feelings, beliefs, hidden knowledge and understanding as well as the more obvious available knowledge. Metaphors are strong vehicle for elaborating understanding of ideas. Because highly personal explanations are made visible here, students learn how different colours, images and symbols could have very different meanings to other students, indicating different ways of thinking/seeing things|
|Aim||To help students reach a deeper understanding of different thinking processes.|
|Target group||Different disciplines and topics in disciplines.|
|Select the specific content for interpretation and discussion, this might be a personal essay, a chapter, a poem, a speaker, a radio interview, a short film, etc …
Assess students’ ability to capture the essence of the content. The explanations could be assessed as insights become observable. You can also rate the quality of the metaphors (going beyond the obvious) on a scale from 1 to 10.
|Preparation||Select a personal essay, short text, radio-interview, poem,…|
|Resources and equipment||Computers or mobile devices could be helpful for finding symbols and images.|
|Success factors||Colours, symbols and images are highly personal and need to be understood as an individual explanation.
It is important to use a rich piece of content that has a variety of interpretations and meanings. Complexity, ambiguity and nuance can perfectly be integrated in this exercise.
Try to encourage students to go beyond the most obvious choices of colours, symbols and images.
Make them well explain their choices by asking them to write phrases and not only a few words.
|Advantages||This method can help students to describe images in words.|
|Disadvantages||Student might experience difficulties in visual thinking needed for CSI. They also might feel blocked because they might not be used to handle non-verbal instruments in academic learning.|
|Additional Information||This method is a way of making thinking visible. On this website you will find a lot of information about the importance of that and how to organise your class. Here is another useful link which covers the same topic.|
[i] Richhart, R., Church, M., & Morrison K. (2011). Making Thinking Visible. How to promote Engagement, Understanding and Independence for All Learners. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (p. 119)
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